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Hip Dysplasia in Dogs

Dog wearing double hip brace

Pictured: Rocky wearing a post-op hip stabilizer


Canine Hip Dysplasia Overview


Hip dysplasia is a hereditary disorder where your dog's hip joints don't develop properly causing pain, arthritis and in some cases crippling lameness. It occurs when there is abnormal looseness between the ball (femoral head) and socket (acetabulum) in your dog's hip.

When these two structures do not fit snugly, they rattle around, eventually deforming the bone and causing arthritis and pain. Hip dysplasia is most commonly found in large-breed dogs (see below for a list of incidence rates by breed).


Facts about Hip Dysplasia


  • Canine hip dysplasia occurs in 50% or more of some of the larger breeds of dogs *Baker Institute for Health, Cornell University Veterinary College of Medicine
 
  • From 1974 through December 2010 over 72% of English Bulldogs examined by the Orthopedic Foundation for Animals were diagnosed with hip dysplasia
 
  • Hip replacement surgery costs $5,000 but can be far more depending on the type of breed and where you live


Treatment Options


Depending on the severity and age of your dog, treatment ranges from simple weight reduction and exercise to full hip replacement surgery. For moderate cases of canine hip dysplasia there are also anti-inflammatory medications that can help manage pain. In some cases your dog may require physical therapy or alternative therapies to manage the pain and other symptoms.


Cost of Treatment


Depending on your dog's size and where you live, the average cost for hip replacement surgery is between $4,000 to $6,000 per hip. For milder cases of hip dysplasia, medications range from $20 to $30 per month. Physical therapy can range from $100 to over $1,000 depending on the number of sessions needed and the type of treatment required.

Cost to Treat: $4,000 to $6,000 per hip


Protect Your Pet Today


Real Life Story - Magruff


magruff-trail

Pictured: Magruff on a hike in the Colorado Rockies after successful surgery


One of our loyal clients, Magruff, suffered from hip dysplasia as a young pup. Luckily for him and his parents, Lou and Kim, Magruff had coverage.

The treatment for Magruff included hip replacement surgery, which cost $5,202.74. Lou and Kim's pet insurance plan paid for $4,306.04 or 83% of the total cost!

Lou and Kim - Denver, Colorado

Read Magruff's full story


PennHIPP Program


PennHIPP is a not-for-profit program wholly owned and operated by the University of Pennsylvania.

Their mission is to develop and apply evidence-based technology to direct appropriate breeding strategies aimed at reducing in frequency and severity the osteoarthritis of canine hip dysplasia.

PennHIP incorporates a new method for evaluating the integrity of the canine hip. It is accurate in puppies as young as 16 weeks of age.

It has great potential to lower the frequency of CHD when used as a selection criterion.


Orthopedic Foundation for Animals


The Orthopedic Foundation for Animals was founded to promote the health and welfare of companion animals through a reduction in the incidence of genetic disease.

Breed % Dysplastic # of Evaluations
English Bulldog 72.0% 636
Pug 68.7% 565
Dogue De Bordeaux 56.7% 499
Otterhound 49.6% 425
Neapolitan Mastiff 47.5% 162
Saint Bernard 46.7% 2,184
Boerbeol 45.2% 166
Clumber Spaniel 43.1% 965
Black Russian Terrier 43.0% 623
Sussex Spaniel 40.4% 285
Cane Corso 38.3% 1,007
Basset Hound 37.2% 207
Argentine Dogo 37.1% 221
Perro De Presa Canaro 34.6% 205
Norfolk Terrier 33.7% 315
American Bulldog 32.9% 1,863
Boykin Spaniel 31.5% 3,466
Fila 30.0% 600
Glen of Imaal Terrier 29.5% 190
Lagotto 28.9% 201
French Bulldog 28.6% 1,316
Spanish Water Dog 27.9% 136
American Staffordshire Terrier 25.9% 3,120
Bloodhound 25.4% 2,941
Newfoundland 25.0% 15,853
American Bull Terrier 24.1% 806
Bullmastiff 24.0% 5,803
Catahoula Leopard 21.2% 604
English Shepherd 21.1% 413
Berger Picard 20.8% 149
Cardigan Welsh Corgi 20.8% 2,165
Rottweiler 20.2% 95,279
Chesapeake Bay Retriever 20.0% 13,230
Shih Tzu 19.7% 641
Golden Retriever 19.4% 139,411
Mastiff 19.3% 11,290
Norwegian Elkhund 19.3% 3,940
Chow Chow 19.1% 5,439
German Shepherd 19.0% 110,075
Gordon Setter 18.8% 6,266
Pembroke Welsh Corgi 18.8% 11,656
Old English Sheepdog 18.2% 10,932
Mixed Breed Dog 17.9% 1,779
Field Spaniel 17.9% 1,105
Epagneul Breton 17.7% 175
Icelandic Sheepdog 17.7% 356
Kuvasz 17.7% 1,799
Beagle 17.7% 954
Greater Swiss Mountain Dog 17.7% 2,932
Giant Schnauzer 17.5% 4,498
Chinook 17.4% 728
Havana Silk Dog 17.2% 203
Staffordshire Bull Terrier 17.1% 638
Affenpinscher 16.8% 334
Pyrenian Shepherd 16.6% 151
Shiloh Shepherd 16.6% 897
Barbet 16.4% 110
English Setter 15.8% 10,834
Bernese Mountain Dog 15.7% 19,099
Welsh Terrier 15.7% 121
Spinone Italiano 15.6% 1,295
Entlebucher 15.6% 340
Curly-Coated Retriever 15.5% 1,199
Polish Lowland Terrier 15.5% 536
Australian Cattle Dog 15.3% 3,816
Bouvier Des Flandres 15.0% 8,433
Harrier 14.9% 336
Tibetan Mastiff 14.9% 1,016
Brittany 14.3% 18,974
Black and Tan Coonhound 14.1% 721
Briard 13.9% 2,541
Leonberger 13.9% 1,880
Labradoodle 13.9% 359
Norwich Terrier 13.4% 982
Chinese Shar-Pei 13.2% 9,727
Beauceron 12.8% 447
Akita Dog 12.8% 16,602
English Springer Spaniel 12.7% 15,534
Smooth Fox Terrier 12.6% 381
Cavalier King Charles Spaniel 12.6% 6,936
Portuguese Water Dog 12.5% 8,479
Komondor 12.3% 995
Great Dane 12.1% 13,328
Boston Terrier 12.0% 241
Pomeranian 12.0% 108
Irish Setter 11.8% 11,577
Poodle Dog 11.7% 24,675
Pudelpointer 11.7% 463
Irish Water Spaniel 11.6% 1,394
Labrador Retriever 11.6% 239,208
Airdale Terrier 11.3% 6,155
Alaskan Malamute 11.3% 14,211
Welsh Springer Spaniel 11.3% 2,137
West Highland White Terrier 11.2% 374
Boxer 11.2% 5,676
Petit Basset Griffon Vendeen 11.1% 759
Finnish Lapphund 10.9% 211
Samoyed 10.8% 16,529
Tibetan Spaniel 10.6% 348
Border Collie 10.5% 12,101
Puli 10.2% 1,781
Wirehaired Vizsla 10.1% 139
Anatolian Shepherd 10.1% 1,970
Norwegian Buhund 10.0% 211
Havanese 9.9% 3,736
Swedish Vallhund 9.9% 273
Akbash Dog 9.5% 549
American Eskimo Dog 9.5% 1,058
Dutch Shepherd 9.1% 264
Great Pyrenes 9.0% 6,109
German Wirehaired Pointer 8.9% 4,276
Cairn Terrier 8.8% 114
Coton De Tulear 8.7% 803
Australian Kelpie 8.4% 131
Weimaraner 8.4% 12,430
Standard Schnauzer 8.4% 4,399
Wirehaired Pointing Griffon 8.0% 2,208
American Water Spaniel 7.7% 781
Dachshund 7.7% 104
Pointer 7.7% 1,681
Miniature Australian Shepherd 7.6% 1,840
French Spaniel 7.4% 190
Small Munsterlander 7.3% 178
Bichon Frise 7.1% 3,710
Vizsla 6.8% 14,508
Schipperke 6.7% 479
Yorkshire Terrier 6.6% 106
Pitbull Terrier 6.5% 108
Nova Scotia Duck Tolling Retriever 6.5% 2,123
Cocker Spaniel 6.4% 13,552
Lhasa Apso 6.4% 818
Keeshond 6.3% 4,904
Doberman Pinscher 6.1% 16,176
Bearded Collie 5.9% 4,599
Australian Shepherd 5.8% 34,033
Afghan Hound 5.7% 6,911
Finnish Spitz 5.7% 333
English Cocker Spaniel 5.6% 7,192
Shiba Inu 5.6% 3,285
Tibetan Terrier 5.5% 4,145
Kerry Blue Terrier 5.5% 1,607
Hovawart 5.5% 164
Belgian Shepherd Malinois 5.3% 2,929
North American Shepherd 5.1% 336
Soft Coated Wheaten Terrier 5.0% 6,270
Rhodesian Ridgeback 4.7% 11,825
Irish Red and White Terrier 4.5% 292
Shetland Sheepdog 4.5% 20,927
Irish Wolfhound 4.5% 1,917
Dalmatian 4.3% 3,638
Flat-Coated Retriever 4.2% 5,796
German Shorthaired Pointer 4.0% 16,504
Border Terrier 3.7% 2,827
Toy Australian Shepherd 3.6% 138
Parson Russell Terrier 3.5% 115
Eurasier 3.4% 118
Belgian Tervuren 3.4% 6,154
Basenji 3.4% 2,737
Belgian Sheepdog 2.9% 4,176
Rat Terrier 2.9% 523
Collie Dog 2.7% 3,062
Australian Terrier 2.6% 193
Pharaoh Hound 2.6% 503
Greyhound 2.5% 360
Ibizan Hound 2.3% 393
Canaan 2.2% 465
Siberian Husky 2.0% 17,996
German Pinscher 1.9% 424
Borzoi 1.8% 870
Saluki 1.5% 265
Whippet 1.1% 180
Italian Greyhound 0.0% 263

The OFA is guided by the following four specific objectives; to collate and disseminate information concerning orthopedic and genetic diseases of animals, to advise, encourage and establish control programs to lower the incidence of orthopedic and genetic diseases, to encourage and finance research in orthopedic and genetic disease in animals, to receive funds and make grants to carry out these objectives.


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