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Elbow Dysplasia in Dogs


Dog with elbow braces on a beach


Overview


Elbow Dysplasia in Dogs is a genetic condition that primarily affects intermediate and large breed dogs. Elbow dysplasia is characterized by varying degrees of elbow incongruity, bone chips, and ultimately, severe arthritis in the front legs.

Symptoms range from an intermittent lameness in some affected dogs to severe, crippling disease in others.


Treatment


Elbow dysplasia is generally treated through a combination of pain management, medications, physical therapy and possibly corrective surgery. The type of treatment your dog receives depends on the severity of the disease and the age and health of your pet.

Cost to Treat: $3,000 to $5,000 for surgery per elbow.


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Incidence Rates by Breed


Each breed of dog is susceptible to elbow dysplasia during their lifetime. The Orthopedic Foundation for Animals evaluated thousands of dogs and over 100 breed and came up with the following incidence rates of elbow dysplasia in dogs.

Breed % Dysplastic # of Evaluations
Chow 48.0% 1,032
Pug 44.7% 152
Rottweiler 38.9% 16,640
Boerbel 36.6% 131
Bulldog 34.7% 225
Black Russian Terrier 28.8% 545
Bernese Mountain Dog 27.3% 14,065
Chinese Shar-Pei 24.2% 611
Newfoundland 23.2% 6,984
Fila 23.0% 183
Sussex Spaniel 21.2% 113 
Dogue De Bordeaux 20.0%  355 
American Bulldog 19.1%  430 
German Shepherd 18.7%  38,334 
Staffordshire Bull Terrier  16.7%  245 
Irish Water Spaniel  16.7%  556 
American Staffordshire Terrier  16.3%  786 
American Pit Bull Terrier  15.6%  275 
English Setter  15.6%  3,019
Bullmastiff  14.4%  2,540 
St. Bernard  14.4%  285 
Mastiff  14.3%  6,366 
Tibetan Mastiff  14.3%  530 
Bloodhound 14.2%  1,224 
Cane Corso  14.0%  414 
English Springer Spaniel 13.5% 2,573 
Gordon Setter 12.9% 927 
Irish Wolfound 12.6% 783
Golden Retriever  11.0%  36,635 
Australian Cattle Dog  10.9%  1,283 
Greater Swiss Mountain Dog  10.8%  2,451 
Labrador Retriever  10.3%  73,655 
Soft Coated Wheaten Terrier  9.9%  364 
Airdale Terrier  9.7%  380 
Belgian Malinois 9.4% 1,787 
Bouvier Des Flandres 9.1% 3,338
Giant Schnauzer  8.3%  555 
Clumber Spaniel 8.3%  361 
Keeshond  7.9%  1,125
Shiloh Shepherd  7.4%  530 
Afghan Hound  7.3%  220 
Spinone Italiano  6.6%  592 
Standard Schnauzer  6.3%  207 
Rhodesian Ridgeback  6.2%  6,128 
Kuvasz  6.1%  456 
Havanese  5.9%  2,024 
Anatolian Shepherd  5.8%  587 
Berger Picard  5.6%  107 
Chesapeake Bay Retriever  5.5%  2,624 
Kerry Blue Terrier  5.3%  207 
Belgian Sheepdog  5.2%  1,947 
Belgian Tervuren  4.8%  3,472
Puli  4.5%  157 
Tibetan Terrier  4.5%  177 
Pointer  4.4%  271 
Leonberger  4.2%  1,622 
Shiba Inu  4.1%  461 
Australian Shepherd  4.1%  7,890 
Beauceron  4.0%  176 
Great Dane  3.7%  2,501 
Wirehaired Pointing Griffon  3.6%  365 
Finnish Lapphund  3.5%  143 
Border Terrier  3.4% 467 
Cardigan Welsh Corgi  3.3%  418 
Old English Sheepdog  3.2%  512 
Shetland Sheepdog  3.2%  836 
Basenji 3.1%  412 
Alaskan Malamute  3.1%  926 
Pembroke Welsh Corgi  3.1%  812
Petit Basset Griffon Vendeen  2.9%  223 
Irish Setter  2.9%  652 
French Bulldog  2.8%  413 
Poodle  2.5%  2,444 
Nova Scotian Duck Tolling Retriever  2.4%  804 
Hybrid  2.4%  1,077 
German Wirehaired Pointer  2.4%  754 
Mini Australian Shepherd  2.2%  655 
Samoyed  2.2%  1,477 
Dutch Shepherd 2.2%  185 
Bearded Collie  2.1%  677 
Boykin Spaniel  2.1%  235 
Norwich Terrier  2.1%  141 
Vizsla  2.1%  2,081 
Brittany  2.0%  1,226 
Coton De Tulear  1.9%  590 
Weimaraner  1.8%  1,667 
Welsh Springer Spaniel  1.8%  770 
Great Pyrenes  1.7%  908 
Portuguese Water Dog  1.6%  3,041 
Rat Terrier  1.5%  328 
Labradoodle  1.5%  328 
Collie  1.4% 490 
Border Collie  1.3%  2,874 
Akita  1.2%  2,339 
Canaan 1.2%  161 
Cocker Spaniel  0.9%  452 
German Shorthaired Pointer  0.9%  2,200 
Boxer  0.9%  701 
Doberman Pinscher  0.8%  2,451
Flat-Coated Retriever  0.7%  2,512 
American Eskimo Dog  0.7%  140 
Cavalier King Charles Spaniel  0.6%  619 
Bichon Frise  0.4%  674 
Dalmatian  0.4%  446 
Curly-Coated Retriever  0.4%  274 
Field Spaniel  0.3%  289 
Briard  0.2%  634 
Finnish Spitz  0.0%  113 
English Cocker Spaniel  0.0%  340 
Beagle  0.0%  138 
Icelandic Sheepdog  0.0% 111 
Norwegian Elkhound  0.0% 167 
Irish Red & White Setter  0.0%  125 
Siberian Husky  0.0%  315 

Source: Orthopedic Foundation for Animals

 

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