Elbow Dysplasia in Dogs

 

Overview

Elbow Dysplasia in Dogs is a genetic condition that primarily affects intermediate and large breed dogs. Elbow dysplasia is characterized by varying degrees of elbow incongruity, bone chips, and ultimately, severe arthritis in the front legs.

Symptoms range from an intermittent lameness in some affected dogs to severe, crippling disease in others.

 

Treatment

Elbow dysplasia is generally treated through a combination of pain management, medications, physical therapy and possibly corrective surgery. The type of treatment your dog receives depends on the severity of the disease and the age and health of your pet.

Cost to Treat: $3,000 to $5,000 for surgery per elbow.

 

 

Incidence Rates by Breed

Each breed of dog is susceptible to elbow dysplasia during their lifetime. The Orthopedic Foundation for Animals evaluated thousands of dogs and over 100 breed and came up with the following incidence rates of elbow dysplasia in dogs.

Breed% Dysplastic# of Evaluations
Chow48.0%1,032
Pug44.7%152
Rottweiler38.9%16,640
Boerbel36.6%131
Bulldog34.7%225
Black Russian Terrier28.8%545
Bernese Mountain Dog27.3%14,065
Chinese Shar-Pei24.2%611
Newfoundland23.2%6,984
Fila23.0%183
Sussex Spaniel21.2%113
Dogue De Bordeaux20.0%355
American Bulldog19.1%430
German Shepherd18.7%38,334
Staffordshire Bull Terrier16.7%245
Irish Water Spaniel16.7%556
American Staffordshire Terrier16.3%786
American Pit Bull Terrier15.6%275
English Setter15.6%3,019
Bullmastiff14.4%2,540
St. Bernard14.4%285
Mastiff14.3%6,366
Tibetan Mastiff14.3%530
Bloodhound14.2%1,224
Cane Corso14.0%414
English Springer Spaniel13.5%2,573
Gordon Setter12.9%927
Irish Wolfound12.6%783
Golden Retriever11.0%36,635
Australian Cattle Dog10.9%1,283
Greater Swiss Mountain Dog10.8%2,451
Labrador Retriever10.3%73,655
Soft Coated Wheaten Terrier9.9%364
Airdale Terrier9.7%380
Belgian Malinois9.4%1,787
Bouvier Des Flandres9.1%3,338
Giant Schnauzer8.3%555
Clumber Spaniel8.3%361
Keeshond7.9%1,125
Shiloh Shepherd7.4%530
Afghan Hound7.3%220
Spinone Italiano6.6%592
Standard Schnauzer6.3%207
Rhodesian Ridgeback6.2%6,128
Kuvasz6.1%456
Havanese5.9%2,024
Anatolian Shepherd5.8%587
Berger Picard5.6%107
Chesapeake Bay Retriever5.5%2,624
Kerry Blue Terrier5.3%207
Belgian Sheepdog5.2%1,947
Belgian Tervuren4.8%3,472
Puli4.5%157
Tibetan Terrier4.5%177
Pointer4.4%271
Leonberger4.2%1,622
Shiba Inu4.1%461
Australian Shepherd4.1%7,890
Beauceron4.0%176
Great Dane3.7%2,501
Wirehaired Pointing Griffon3.6%365
Finnish Lapphund3.5%143
Border Terrier3.4%467
Cardigan Welsh Corgi3.3%418
Old English Sheepdog3.2%512
Shetland Sheepdog3.2%836
Basenji3.1%412
Alaskan Malamute3.1%926
Pembroke Welsh Corgi3.1%812
Petit Basset Griffon Vendeen2.9%223
Irish Setter2.9%652
French Bulldog2.8%413
Poodle2.5%2,444
Duck Tolling Retriever2.4%804
Hybrid2.4%1,077
German Wirehaired Pointer2.4%754
Mini Australian Shepherd2.2%655
Samoyed2.2%1,477
Dutch Shepherd2.2%185
Bearded Collie2.1%677
Boykin Spaniel2.1%235
Norwich Terrier2.1%141
Vizsla2.1%2,081
Brittany2.0%1,226
Coton De Tulear1.9%590
Weimaraner1.8%1,667
Welsh Springer Spaniel1.8%770
Great Pyrenes1.7%908
Portuguese Water Dog1.6%3,041
Rat Terrier1.5%328
Labradoodle1.5%328
Collie1.4%490
Border Collie1.3%2,874
Akita1.2%2,339
Canaan1.2%161
Cocker Spaniel0.9%452
German Shorthaired Pointer0.9%2,200
Boxer0.9%701
Doberman Pinscher0.8%2,451
Flat-Coated Retriever0.7%2,512
American Eskimo Dog0.7%140
Cavalier King Charles Spaniel0.6%619
Bichon Frise0.4%674
Dalmatian0.4%446
Curly-Coated Retriever0.4%274
Field Spaniel0.3%289
Briard0.2%634
Finnish Spitz0.0%113
English Cocker Spaniel0.0%340
Beagle0.0%138
Icelandic Sheepdog0.0%111
Norwegian Elkhound0.0%167
Irish Red & White Setter0.0%125
Siberian Husky0.0%315

 

Source: Orthopedic Foundation for Animals

 

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