Elbow Dysplasia in Dogs

 

Overview

Elbow Dysplasia in Dogs is a genetic condition that primarily affects intermediate and large breed dogs. Elbow dysplasia is characterized by varying degrees of elbow incongruity, bone chips, and ultimately, severe arthritis in the front legs.

Symptoms range from an intermittent lameness in some affected dogs to severe, crippling disease in others.

 

Treatment

Elbow dysplasia is generally treated through a combination of pain management, medications, physical therapy and possibly corrective surgery. The type of treatment your dog receives depends on the severity of the disease and the age and health of your pet.

Cost to Treat: $3,000 to $5,000 for surgery per elbow.

 

 

Incidence Rates by Breed

Each breed of dog is susceptible to elbow dysplasia during their lifetime. The Orthopedic Foundation for Animals evaluated thousands of dogs and over 100 breed and came up with the following incidence rates of elbow dysplasia in dogs.

Breed % Dysplastic # of Evaluations
Chow 48.0% 1,032
Pug 44.7% 152
Rottweiler 38.9% 16,640
Boerbel 36.6% 131
Bulldog 34.7% 225
Black Russian Terrier 28.8% 545
Bernese Mountain Dog 27.3% 14,065
Chinese Shar-Pei 24.2% 611
Newfoundland 23.2% 6,984
Fila 23.0% 183
Sussex Spaniel 21.2% 113
Dogue De Bordeaux 20.0% 355
American Bulldog 19.1% 430
German Shepherd 18.7% 38,334
Staffordshire Bull Terrier 16.7% 245
Irish Water Spaniel 16.7% 556
American Staffordshire Terrier 16.3% 786
American Pit Bull Terrier 15.6% 275
English Setter 15.6% 3,019
Bullmastiff 14.4% 2,540
St. Bernard 14.4% 285
Mastiff 14.3% 6,366
Tibetan Mastiff 14.3% 530
Bloodhound 14.2% 1,224
Cane Corso 14.0% 414
English Springer Spaniel 13.5% 2,573
Gordon Setter 12.9% 927
Irish Wolfound 12.6% 783
Golden Retriever 11.0% 36,635
Australian Cattle Dog 10.9% 1,283
Greater Swiss Mountain Dog 10.8% 2,451
Labrador Retriever 10.3% 73,655
Soft Coated Wheaten Terrier 9.9% 364
Airdale Terrier 9.7% 380
Belgian Malinois 9.4% 1,787
Bouvier Des Flandres 9.1% 3,338
Giant Schnauzer 8.3% 555
Clumber Spaniel 8.3% 361
Keeshond 7.9% 1,125
Shiloh Shepherd 7.4% 530
Afghan Hound 7.3% 220
Spinone Italiano 6.6% 592
Standard Schnauzer 6.3% 207
Rhodesian Ridgeback 6.2% 6,128
Kuvasz 6.1% 456
Havanese 5.9% 2,024
Anatolian Shepherd 5.8% 587
Berger Picard 5.6% 107
Chesapeake Bay Retriever 5.5% 2,624
Kerry Blue Terrier 5.3% 207
Belgian Sheepdog 5.2% 1,947
Belgian Tervuren 4.8% 3,472
Puli 4.5% 157
Tibetan Terrier 4.5% 177
Pointer 4.4% 271
Leonberger 4.2% 1,622
Shiba Inu 4.1% 461
Australian Shepherd 4.1% 7,890
Beauceron 4.0% 176
Great Dane 3.7% 2,501
Wirehaired Pointing Griffon 3.6% 365
Finnish Lapphund 3.5% 143
Border Terrier 3.4% 467
Cardigan Welsh Corgi 3.3% 418
Old English Sheepdog 3.2% 512
Shetland Sheepdog 3.2% 836
Basenji 3.1% 412
Alaskan Malamute 3.1% 926
Pembroke Welsh Corgi 3.1% 812
Petit Basset Griffon Vendeen 2.9% 223
Irish Setter 2.9% 652
French Bulldog 2.8% 413
Poodle 2.5% 2,444
Duck Tolling Retriever 2.4% 804
Hybrid 2.4% 1,077
German Wirehaired Pointer 2.4% 754
Mini Australian Shepherd 2.2% 655
Samoyed 2.2% 1,477
Dutch Shepherd 2.2% 185
Bearded Collie 2.1% 677
Boykin Spaniel 2.1% 235
Norwich Terrier 2.1% 141
Vizsla 2.1% 2,081
Brittany 2.0% 1,226
Coton De Tulear 1.9% 590
Weimaraner 1.8% 1,667
Welsh Springer Spaniel 1.8% 770
Great Pyrenes 1.7% 908
Portuguese Water Dog 1.6% 3,041
Rat Terrier 1.5% 328
Labradoodle 1.5% 328
Collie 1.4% 490
Border Collie 1.3% 2,874
Akita 1.2% 2,339
Canaan 1.2% 161
Cocker Spaniel 0.9% 452
German Shorthaired Pointer 0.9% 2,200
Boxer 0.9% 701
Doberman Pinscher 0.8% 2,451
Flat-Coated Retriever 0.7% 2,512
American Eskimo Dog 0.7% 140
Cavalier King Charles Spaniel 0.6% 619
Bichon Frise 0.4% 674
Dalmatian 0.4% 446
Curly-Coated Retriever 0.4% 274
Field Spaniel 0.3% 289
Briard 0.2% 634
Finnish Spitz 0.0% 113
English Cocker Spaniel 0.0% 340
Beagle 0.0% 138
Icelandic Sheepdog 0.0% 111
Norwegian Elkhound 0.0% 167
Irish Red & White Setter 0.0% 125
Siberian Husky 0.0% 315

 

Source: Orthopedic Foundation for Animals

 

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