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Kidney Problems in Dogs


When kidneys don’t function properly, toxins build up in the blood and a dog will become ill.

Acute kidney failure is an abrupt decline in function that occurs over a period of days. Dogs can develop acute kidney problems as a result of ingesting toxins, including antifreeze, certain medications, tainted foods, etc. Other reasons for this type of kidney failure include decreased blood flow or oxygen delivery to the kidneys, infections and urinary obstruction.

Surprisingly, a main cause of chronic kidney failure in dogs is dental disease. Bacteria associated with advanced dental disease enter the blood stream and invades multiple organs, causing irreversible damage to the heart, liver and kidneys.

Kidney Conditions in Dogs

While some kidney problems have an immediate cause that can be treated, chronic kidney disease shows up over a period of time and its causes are harder to determine. This condition develops slowly and affects mostly older dogs and is often caused by underlying illness and congenital and hereditary conditions.


Symptoms of kidney problems in dogs include change in water consumption, change in volume of urine produced, depression and listlessness, loss or decreased appetite, chemical odor of breath, vomiting, weight loss, blood in urine, mouth ulcers, pale gums, stumbling. If your dog has any of the following symptoms visit your vet immediately.


Treatments for kidney issues include fluid therapy, medications, dialysis, change in diet and possibly surgery depending on the type of kidney problem and severity. Treating kidney failure and other kidney problems in dogs can cost thousands of dollars. Pet health insurance will help you pay for expensive veterinary bills if your dog or puppy gets sick or injured.


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