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Osteochondrodysplasia in Dogs

Great Pyrenees puppy standing in a grassy field


Osteochondrodysplasia describes a growth and developmental abnormality of the bone and cartilage that results in lack of normal bone growth and bone deformities. Where osteo refers to the bone chondro refers to the cartilage, and dysplasia is a general term that is applied to abnormal growth. This disorder is genetically acquired (also see Achondroplasia for additional information). Dog breeds that tend to be predisposed to this disorder include:


Affected dogs may have the following symptoms or abnormalities.

  • Excessively large head
  • Underbie and short nose
  • Spinal deviation
  • Bowing of forelimbs
  • Constricted nostrils
  • Enlarged joints
  • Poor growth, lack of growth
  • Abnormal bone shape
  • Crooked teeth (caused by short jaw)
  • Larger than normal head shape


Treatment options will depend upon the severity of your dog's Osteochondrodysplasia. In a small amount of severe casese surgical correction may be attempted but results of surgery have not been positive enough to make this a common treatment option. Pain as a result of deformities may be treated with pain relievers and/or anti-inflammatory medications. Your dog’s comfort and ability to lead a healthy life will depend upon the severity of the deformity and how it impacts your dog’s functionality.

Cost to Treat: $1,200 to $1,500

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