Dog Health Conditions

 

Don’t Think it Will Happen to You?

According to Healthy Paws Pet Insurance, every six seconds a pet owner is faced with a vet bill of more than $1,000. Unfortunately, when it comes to your dog’s health, there is no way predict the future. Consider some of these facts about veterinary care in the U.S.

  • Annual veterinary expenses in the U.S. exceeded $16 billion in 2016
  • 1 in 3 pets will need urgent vet care this year alone
  • Less than 1% of pet owners in the U.S. have pet insurance

 

Top 10 Health Issues in Dogs

Healthy Paws shared data from over 200,000 claims over a two year period. Here is a list of the top 10 health issues in dogs.

Rank Condition % of Claims
#1 Stomach Issues 29%
#2 Skin Conditions 20%
#3 Ear Infections 11%
#4 Eye Conditions 7%
#5 Pain 7%
#6 Growth/Lump 6%
#7 Urinary Tract Infections 6%
#8 Allergies 5%
#9 Cruciate Ligament Injuries 5%
#10 Limping 4%

 

Source: Cost of Pet Care 2017

 

List of Dog Health Conditions

Standard major medical cover accidents and illnesses. And although accidents do happen, illnesses account for the vast majority of health issues and claims for dogs. Below is a list of common health conditions in dogs to give you a better understanding of what can happen and how much it might cost to treat.

Condition Cost to Treat
Achondroplasia $1,000 to $5,000
Acral Lick Granuloma $25 to $50
Addison’s Disease $2,400 per year
Allergic Contact Dermatitis $25 to $100
Alopecia $50 to $100
Anal Sac Disease $100 to $2,500
Anemia $500 to $2,000
Aortic Stenosis $3,000 to $6,000
Arthritis $200 to $10,000
Atopic Dermatitis $100 to $500
Autoimmune Diseases $500 to $20,000
Autoimmune Hemolytic Anemia $1,000 to $5,000
Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH) $20 to $60 per month
Bladder Stones $50 to $500
Boxer Cardiomyopathy $500 to $1,000
Boxer Colitis $80 to $100
Brachycephalic Skull Varies
Broken Bones $200 to $5,000
Brucellosis $50 to $100
Cancer $5,000 to $20,000
Canine Hip Dysplasia $4,000 to $6,000 per hip
Cardiac Issues $1,000 to $20,000
Cataracts $2,000 to $3,000 per eye
Cerebellar Hypoplasia Varies
Cherry Eye $500 to $1,000 per eye
Chronic Active Hepatitis $1,000 to $7,500
Chylothorax $6,000 to $10,000
Cleft Palate $2,000 to $4,000
Collapsed Trachea $4,000 to $7,000
Collie Eye Anomaly Varies
Coloboma Varies
Comedone Syndrome Varies
Congenital Heart Defect $15,000 to $20,000
Constipation Varies
Copper Storage Disease Varies
Corneal Dystrophy $2,000 to $3,000 per eye
Corneal Ulcers Varies
Cruciate Ligament Tear $3,000 to $6,000
Cryptorchidism $200 to $500
Cushing’s Disease $500 to $2,000
Degenerative Myelopathy Varies
Degenerative Spinal Stenosis $2,500 to $5,000
Degenerative Valve Disease $8,000 to $15,000
Demodicosis $50 to $100
Dental Problems $250 to $1,500
Dermatomyositis Varies
Diabetes $100 per month
Dilated Cardiomyopathy $10,000 to $20,000
Disc Disease $3,000 to $9,000
Discoid Lupus Erythematous Varies
Discospondylitis $8,000 to $15,000
Distichiasis Varies
Dog Diarrhea Varies
Dog Hernia $750 to $2,000
Dry Eye Syndrome Varies
Ductus Arteriosus $2,500 to $5,000
Dwarfism Varies
Dystocia Varies
Ear Infection $2,500 to $5,000
Eclampsia Varies
Ectropion $300 to $1,500 per eye
Elbow Dysplasia $3,000 to $6,000 per elbow
Entropion $300 to $1,500 per eye
Epididymitis Varies
Epilepsy $200 to $15,000
Exercise Induced Collapse Varies
Eye Problems $50 to $3,000
Familial Shar-Pei Fever Varies
Fanconi Syndrome $9,000 to $11,000
Fleas Varies
Folliculitis Varies
Foreign Body Ingestion $200 to $5,000
Gastric Dilatation-Volvulus (GDV) $1,500 to $7,500
Gastrointestinal Ulcers $1,000 to $7,000
Glaucoma $2,000 to $3,000
Granulomatous Meningoencephalitis (GME) $6,000 to $7,000
Heartworm Varies
Heart Cancer $5,000 to $20,000
Heart Diseases $5,000 to $20,000
Heart Murmur $5,000 to $20,000
Heat Stroke Varies
Hemivertebrae $2,500 to $7,000
Hemophilia $200 to $500
Hepatic Disease $2,000 to $5,000
Hepatic Encephalopathy Varies
Hip Dysplasia in Dogs $4,000 to $6,000 per hip
Hot Spots Varies
Hydrocephalus Varies
Hyperlipidemia Varies
Hyperpigmentation Varies
Hyperthyroidism Varies
Hypoglycemia Varies
Hypoplasia of Dens $5,000 to $8,000
Hypothyroidism Varies
Ichthyosis Varies
Immune-Mediated Thrombocytopenia $500 to $1,000 per treatment
Impetigo Varies
Infectious Hepatitis Varies
Inflammatory Bowel Disease Varies
Insipidus Diabetes Varies
Interdigital Cysts $200 to $1,000
Intervertebral Disc Disease (IVDD) $3,000 to $9,000
Intestinal Problems Varies
Joint Problems Varies
Juvenile Renal Dysplasia Varies
Kidney Problems Varies
Lacerations Varies
Legg-Calve-Perthes Disease $2,000 to $4,000
Leptospirosis Hepatitis Varies
Liver Disease $2,000 to $5,000
Liver Failure $1,200 to $1,500
Liver Shunt $2,000 to $5,000
Lumbosacral Syndrome Varies
Luxating Patella $1,500 to $3,000
Lyme Disease Varies
Masticatory Muscle Myositis $50 to $100 per month
Mastitis Varies
MDR1 Gene Mutation Varies
Mellitus Diabetes Varies
Metritis Varies
Mites Varies
Mitral Valve Disease $1,000 to $5,000
Molera Varies
Myotonia Congenita Varies
Nasal Solar Dermatitis Varies
Necrotizing Meningoencephalitis (NME) $1,500 to $4,000
Neuronal Ceroid Lipofuscinosis (NCL) Varies
Open Fontanel Varies
Orchitis Varies
Osteoarthritis $200 to $10,000
Osteochondrodysplasia Varies
Osteochondrosis (OCD) Varies
Osteosarcoma $5,000 to $20,000
Pancreatitis $800 to $6,000
Panosteitis Varies
Parvo in Dogs Varies
Patellar Luxation $1,500 to $3,000
Patent Ductus Arteriosus (PDA) $2,500 to $5,000
Pelger-Huet Syndrome Varies
Persistent Pupillary Membrane Varies
Poisoning in Dogs $250 to $5,000
Portosystemic Shunt $2,000 to $6,000
Progressive Retinal Atrophy (PRA) $2,000 to $3,000 per eye
Prostatic Cysts Varies
Prostatitis Varies
Pug Dog Encephalitis (PDE) Varies
Pulmonic Stenosis $15,000 to $20,000
Pyometra Varies
Pyruvate Kinase Deficiency Varies
Red Mange $50 to $100
Renal Dysplasia Varies
Retinal Atrophy $2,000 to $3,000 per eye
Reverse Sneezing Varies
Rheumatism $200 to $10,000
Ringworm $50 to $100
Sensitivity to Anesthesia Varies
Separation Anxiety $20-40 per month for meds
Shar-Pei Fever Varies
Sick Sinus Syndrome $5,000 to $15,000
Skin Tumors $2,000 to $10,000
Spine and Back Problems $6,000 to $10,000
Spondylosis Deformans Varies
Stomach Bloat $1,500 to $7,000
Stomach Ulcers $1,000 to $7,000
Torn Ligaments $3,000 to $6,000
Tracheal Collapse $4,000 to $7,000
Transitional Cell Carcinoma $2,000 to $20,000
Von Willebrand Disease $500 to $1,000 per treatment
Wobbler Syndrome $5,000 to $6,000
Yeast Infection $50 to $100

 

Pet insurance is health insurance for your dog. It covers veterinary costs for illnesses and accidents. It can save you thousands of dollars if your dog needs treatment for a serious health issue. Pet insurance companies do not cover pre-existing conditions so it’s important to purchase coverage while your dog is healthy!

 

Achondroplasia

Achondroplasia, also referred to as Dwarfism, is a form of osteochondrodysplasia in which the bones do not grow to the normal size based on what is expected of the breed. This is caused by a mutation of the fibroblast growth factor receptor gene. The result is abnormally short limbs, a condition called dwarfism. Related Conditions: Dwarfism in Dogs

Symptoms and Types

Here are some symptoms to look out for with your puppy to determine if they might be susceptible to achrondroplasia or dwarfism.

  • Larger than normal head
  • Undershot jaw with shorter nose
  • Crooked teeth
  • Abnormal bone shape
  • Overall lack of growth
  • Shorter than normal bone development
  • Enlarged joints
  • Bowed limbs

 

Breeds Commonly Affected

In some breeds this trait is selectively encouraged. Other breeds that are reported to be affected are bulldogs. This disorder is genetically acquired and considered a hereditary disorder.

 

Treatment Options

Depending on level of severity many dogs live long, healthy lives without need for treatment. If your dog suffers severe pain anti-inflammatory medications can alleviate pressure and in some cases orthopedic surgery is necessary to manage the pain.

Cost to Treat

$1,000 to $5,000 if corrective surgery is necessary

 

Acral Lick Overview

Acral Lick Granuloma, also called acral lick dermatitis, is a frustrating skin condition caused by compulsive, relentless licking of a single area. Acral lick granuloma most often occurs on the front of the lower legs. The area is unable to heal, and the resulting pain and itching can lead the dog to keep licking the same spot.

Treatment

Treatment includes discouraging the dog from licking, either by using a bad-tasting topical solution or an Elizabethan collar.

Cost to Treat

$25 to $50

 

Addison’s Disease

Addison’s Disease is a chronic endocrine disorder where the adrenal glands do not produce sufficient steroid hormones (glucocorticoids and often mineralocorticoids). Lifelong, continuous treatment with steroid replacement therapy is required, with regular follow-up treatment and monitoring for other health problems. It is generally diagnosed via blood tests and medical imaging.

Symptoms

The following symptoms are common for Addison’s Disease.

  • Diarrhea
  • Body shaking
  • Frequent urination
  • Weight loss
  • Vomiting
  • Lethargy

 

Treatment

Treatment involves replacing the absent hormones with steroid replacement therapy (also known as chronic adrenal insufficiency, hypocortisolism, and hypocorticism). Treating Addison’s disease can be expensive but pet insurance can help. However, you must have a pet insurance policy before your dog shows signs of Addison’s disease or it will be considered a pre-existing condition and will not be covered.

Cost to Treat

$2,400 per year for the life of your dog, Ongoing treatment is approximately $200/month for shots, steroids and blood tests.

 

Allergic Contact Dermatitis

Allergic contact dermatitis, or simply allergic dermatitis, is an allergic reaction to grooming products, food, and environmental irritants, such as pollen or insect bites. It is the most common skin allergy in dogs.

Symptoms

A dog with allergic contact dermatitis may scratch relentlessly, and a peek at the skin often reveals an ugly rash. Corticosteroids can help with itchy rashes, but the most effective treatment is to identify and avoid exposure to the allergens.

Treatment

Depending on the severity topical ointments are an option for less severe cases and medications may be necessary if symptoms and discomfort persist.

Cost to Treat

$25 to $100

 

Alopecia

Alopecia is a complete or partial lack of hair in areas where hair normally is present. It’s quite common in dogs as either a primary problem or as a secondary result of another underlying condition (such as thyroid issues and asthma). Alopecia is purely cosmetic and not life-threatening. However dog owners should make sure they limit sun exposure and apply sunscreen when necessary due to the lack of fur and potential for skin cancer.

Treatment

Depending on the severity diet changes, topical treatments and medications can help alleviate or control the problem.

Cost to Treat

$50 to $100

 

Anal Sac Disease

Your dog has two anal sacs, which are glands on either side of the anus. These sacs act as your dog’s territorial markers and explains why dogs are so interested in sniffing each other. Anal Sac Disease Overview Anal sac disease occurs when your dog’s anal sac(s) become impacted and inflamed. When this happens your dog will experience pain each time he passes feces. Anal sac disease is very common in all dog breeds.

Symptoms

The hallmark of anal sac disease is a dog scooting his bottom along the ground. Other symptoms include biting or licking the anal area. Essentially any obvious sign of discomfort or pain in or around your dog’s anus could be a symptom.

Treatment

A vet can manually express full anal sacs to relieve the pressure. In severe cases your dog’s anal sacs may need to be surgically removed.

Cost to Treat

$100 to $2,500 if your dog needs surgery for removal. Removal of the anal sacs is a delicate and specialized surgery.

 

Anemia

Anemia is a deficiency of red blood cells (erythrocytes) in the circulatory system. Adult dogs are anemic when the concentration of red cells in whole blood is less than 37% by volume. Anemia can be caused by trauma, cancer, immune-mediated disease, which is a disease in which the body attacks its own cells or organs, infectious disease, toxins, genetic defects, inflammatory disease, iron deficiency, drug reactions, kidney failure, and generalized chronic (long term) illness.

Symptoms

Dogs with a sudden onset of anemia may be clinically sicker than animals with chronic anemia. The impact of anemia and the symptoms on your dog will depend on the cause of the anemia as well as the severity of the anemia. This is due to the fact that animals can become partially adapted to the anemia over time, and may feel relatively good in spite of the anemia. Symptoms to watch out for include:

  • Pale gums
  • Lethargy
  • Generalized weakness
  • Increased respiratory rate
  • Episodes of collapse
  • Evidence of blood loss
  • Blood in urine or stool
  • External blood loss
  • Decreased appetite
  • Yellow discoloration of the skin
  • Abdominal distension
  • Vomiting
  • Weight loss

 

Treatment

There are many treatment options available including medications, transfusions, IV’s, antibiotics, vitamins, dietary changes and surgery. Pet insurance will pay for anemia treatment if your dog suffers from the disease but you must be enrolled before your dog is diagnosed or shows signs of Anemia.

Cost to Treat

$500 to $2,000

 

Aortic Stenosis

Aortic stenosis is a congenital disease characterized by ventricular outflow tract obstruction on the left side of the heart. Also referred to as subvalvular aortic stenosis. There are three types of aortic stenosis:

  • Valvular (present at the valve)
  • Subvalvular (present below the valve)
  • Supravalvular (present above the valve)

 

Breeds Commonly Affected

Aortic stenosis is a congenital disease and it is especially common in Newfoundland dogs. Here is a list of some potential breeds who might suffer from congenital aortic stenosis.

 

Treatment

Depending on the severity of the case surgery and cardiac catheterization may be necessary. Some veterinary hospitals around the country are beginning to offer the cutting balloon valvuloplasty. In milder cases beta-blockers and other medications may be used to manage the symptoms.

Cost to Treat

The cost may range from $3,000 to $6,000 for surgery. Follow-up care could make the cost even higher.

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