Orchitis and Epididymitis in Dogs
Orchitis and Epididymitis describe inflammation of the testes that is caused by trauma, infection or torsion. Symptoms include pain and swelling of the testes, epididymides or scrotum. There may also be wounds or other lesions in the scrotal skin.
Treatment is difficult unless the underlying cause is successfully identified. The prognosis for maintaining fertility is guarded despite aggressive therapy because of the potential for irreversible damage to the germinal epithelium, tubular degeneration, development of immune-mediated orchitis, or obstruction of the duct systems.